Analysis of Residential Location Preferences in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria

Authors

  • Lateefat A. Kareem Department of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Kaduna State
  • Philip M. Atere Department of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Kaduna State
  • Olumide A. Oluwole Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Kaduna State

Keywords:

Residential location, Preferences, Ilorin, Relative Importance Index, Likert scale

Abstract

This study examined the residential location preferences in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. It identified the types of houses and examined the factors influencing the preferred residential location. Data were obtained from field observation and questionnaire was administered to 387 households. The sample size was determined by Macorr Research Solutions Online Sample Size Calculator from the 237,233 households in the metropolis with 95% confidence level, confidence interval at 5 and estimated proportion at 50%. Principal component Analysis (PCA) was used to reduce the variables to a manageable size. Likert scale was used to rate the influence of the factors that were identified. Relative Importance Index (RII) was used to determine the value for each factor. The RII found the principal indices of the residential location in Ilorin to include physical qualities of the environment (0.7018), availability of land and building (0.6822), social facility (0.6601), income (0.6584), community preference (0.6553), cost of land and building (0.5669), nearness to work (0.5364) and road network (0.5251). However, the following factors were not as strong in the determination of residential location preferences in Ilorin as they have indices of less than 0.5; nearness to city centre, rent, nearness to children school, availability of houses to rent and environmental pollution. Housing affordability and social sustainability concepts were found to have influenced residential location preferences in Ilorin. This study recommends that policy and planning mechanisms should be in place to produce sufficient quantities of affordable housing for the residents at various socio-economic levels for sustainable growth of the metropolis.

Additional Files

Published

2022-06-02

How to Cite

Kareem, L. A., Atere, P. M. ., & Oluwole, O. A. (2022). Analysis of Residential Location Preferences in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria. Ife Social Sciences Review, 30(1), 124–135. Retrieved from https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/171