Ife Social Sciences Review https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr <p><strong><em>Ife Social Sciences Review</em></strong> is a journal of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.<em> Its </em>an international and interdisciplinary forum for the dissemination of <em>scholarly papers in the broad areas of social and management sciences. </em>We publish original research articles (both empirical and theoretical), reviews, position papers and commentaries on <em>social and management</em> issues, to inform current research, policy and practice in all areas of common interest to social scientists, management practitioners, and policy makers. The journal publishes material relevant to any aspect of <em>social and management sciences</em> from a wide range of social science disciplines (anthropology, economics, epidemiology, demography, geography, management , political science , policy, psychology, and sociology), and materials relevant to the social sciences from any of the professions concerned with physical, built environment, and management, health policy and organization. We encourage material which is of general interest to an international readership. The journal will be published two times a year- June and December.</p> Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria en-US Ife Social Sciences Review 0331-3115 Factors Associated with the Change in Childhood Immunization Uptake in Nigeria: A Decomposition Analysis https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/219 <p>Childhood immunization increased from 23% in 2008 to 31% in Nigeria. However, the factors that contributed to the change have not been systematically investigated. Using diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) as a measure of immunization, this study investigated the factors that account for the change in the proportion of children aged 12-23 months who received complete DPT vaccination between 2008 and 2018. Data were obtained from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys of 2008 and 2018. The decomposition logit model was used to analyze data of 7,356 children aged 12-23 months. There was an increase in complete DPT-uptake from 36% in 2008 to 55% in 2018. The increase was mainly due to a change in behaviour toward immunization as 54.2% of the total change was explained by the coefficient effect of the selected explanatory variables. The independent variables that contributed significantly to the increase in DPT immunization were region, education, place of delivery, marital status, work status, needing permission to visit a health facility, religion, household wealth, birth weight, exposure to the media, and mother’s age. Nigeria must prioritize attention to factors that account for positive change in vaccination if the country would achieve the 2030 global immunization agenda to halve the number of zero-dose children and 90% coverage, with at least 80% coverage in each State of Nigeria.</p> Lorretta F. C. Ntoimo Sunday M. Abatan Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 1 16 Pluvial Flooding Impacts on Soil Properties under Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis) Plantation in a Lowland Humid Tropical Environment of Southern Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/220 <p>Flooding has been a major threat not only to the socioeconomic growth and development of tropical countries but also on their agricultural farmlands. Therefore, this study assessed the impact of pluvial flooding on the morphological, physical, chemical and biological properties of soils under oil palm (<em>Elaeis guineensis</em>) plantation in a lowland humid tropical environment of southern Nigeria. A total of eighteen (18) soil samples were collected from flooded and non-flooded sites at three respective soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-45 cm). Soil samples were analyzed in-situ for their key morphological features while the selected physical, chemical and biological properties were determined following standard laboratory methods. Results indicated the dominance of sand fractions in all the test soils and they were slightly acidic. Pluvial flooding had increasing effects on iron - Fe (47.20, 51.26 and 54.50 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) and manganese - Mn (2.66, 2.63 and 2.16 mg kg<sup>-1</sup>) across the three soil depths. However, the poorly drained soils were deficient in copper (Cu) concentrations and inhibited the proliferation of bacteria and fungi. Organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen (TN) and available phosphorous (Avl P), as well as the exchangeable cations (calcium - Ca, sodium - Na, potassium - K and magnesium - Mg) were rated adequate. The study concluded that the deficiency of Cu element in all the test soils may inhibit oil palm plant and root growth.</p> I. K. Ugwa E. Ekpenkhio O. T. Ashiuman Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 17 27 Factors of Financial Lease and Financial Performance of Lease Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/221 <p>Lease manufacturing companies in Nigeria have experienced mixed results in terms of financial performance despite their significance to the socio-economic growth, employment offering and development of the country. The objective of this study is to investigate the lease financing and financial performance of manufacturing companies in Nigeria. The study employed panel dataset collected from the annual audited financial statements and reports of seventeen listed manufacturing companies (MCs) in Nigeria that fully practiced lease financing spanning 2007-2022. The study sample size for analysis was 17 listed lease manufacturing companies. STATA Software Version 15 were used to test the relationships for this study. To achieve the objective of the study, the statistical tool use are correlation and regression analysis. Having estimated the parameters of the model numerically, with the use of multiple linear regression on the application of the ordinary least squares (OLS). Upon the completion of the analysis used, it was confirmed that, total lease, fixed assets turnover, total assets turnover index and lease income have positive relationship with financial performance. In addition, the findings provided support for hypothesized relationship between firm size and financial performance. The study recommends that good policies should be put in place to encourage lease manufacturing companies to do well in their various businesses. This will improve their performance thereby, having more equipment to lease out. Thus, this will increase the income of both lessors and lessees, employment creation, improvement on the gross domestic product (GDP) and general well-being of Nigerians.</p> Hameed R. Adoke Abba U. Waziri Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 28 37 New Paradigm in Public Enterprise Management in Nigeria: Evidence from Local Government Councils Transport Corporations https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/222 <p>This study examined the critical factors that facilitate the successful management of public transport corporations by local government councils in Nigeria, against the backdrop of the contrary experience of subnational and national counterparts; and the position of Classical Theory that government has no place in business, except in the inevitable provision of public goods. Literature and studies have directed much focus on lamenting the quagmire of the economic consequences of the albatross levied on Nigeria’s economy by the mismanagement of humongous investments in public enterprises, without examining the opportunities presented by the phenomenal success of local government corporations, ascribable to a shift in management paradigm. This deficit is the central focus of this study. In the survey research design, primary data on major managerial variables were collected from a sample of 200 respondents drawn from a population of 550 selected local government councils and transport management. Employing a simple percentage tool, data analysis provided answers to the research questions post. Among the salient findings, the factors critical in successful management included corporate autonomy, sound financial management and good governance, encapsulated in the adopted New Public Management model. In conclusion, the study posited that the appropriate management option, the government is strategically placed to manage public enterprises, with enormous success, as is evident in the case of the local government council’s management of transport enterprises in Nigeria. It was therefore recommended, among others, that public authorities desirous of establishing new enterprises or resuscitating ailing or failed ones, should prioritize efficient management, hinged on New Public Management typology, in line with the position of Liberal Theory.</p> Umar E. Mahmud Yusuf A. Ogwuzebe Bage Y. Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 38 50 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Customers’ Satisfaction with Hotel Services in Benin City, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/223 <p>The study investigated the roles of ICT on customers’ satisfaction with hotel services in Benin City. Four uses of ICT in hotel services (Restaurant management, Room management, Telecommunication services and Hotel management) were considered for the study. The study adopted a cross-sectional research design. The population of the study comprised all Hotels in Benin City. A sample size of 200 customers from ten selected hotels was used for the study. To ensure uniformity and equal appropriation of sample size, Benin City was stratified into five local Government areas and forty (40) respondents were selected from each of the local government areas that make up Benin City using the systematic sampling technique, while a structured questionnaire rated on 5 Likert scale titled ICT and customer satisfaction in Benin City was used for data collection. The data collected was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. It was found that Restaurant management, Room management, Telecommunication services and Hotel management all have a positive and significant relationship with customers’ satisfaction. Based on the findings of the study, we recommend that that Hotels in Benin City should consistently enhance the quality of ICT service delivery rendered to customers by investing in more of ICT components such as Internet, Wifi, CCTV cameras, POS, Intercom, CRS, and other facilities in order to attract more visit by reviewing and evaluating current technology amenities and related strategies and offerings in order to enhance customers’ satisfaction</p> Eleazar C. Gbandi Bashiru E. Ilavbare Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 51 62 Application of Geographical Information Systems and Remote Sensing to Optimal Dumpsite Selection in Iseyin, Oyo State, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/224 <p>&nbsp;In Nigeria, existing studies on waste issues predominantly address the environmental challenges posed by open dumps with the gap that neglects crucial aspect of finding a suitable location for waste disposal, which is essential for effective and sustainable waste management practices, hence this study. This research sought to examine nature of waste generated, methods of waste disposal and dumpsite distribution pattern with a view to using geospatial techniques for finding suitable site for waste disposal in Iseyin. &nbsp;Primary data for this study were collected through questionnaire administration and GPS receiver to obtain coordinates of dumpsites while secondary data used were a Google earth imagery of the study area. One per hundred (1<sup>0</sup>/<sub>0</sub>) of the total 11,710 households in Iseyin town which approximately amount to 117 households constituted the sample size interviewed.&nbsp; Descriptive statistics was used to summarize findings and nearest neighbour analysis to determine pattern and arrangement of dumpsite in relation to their neighbours. From findings, nature of waste generated was mainly bio-degradable. &nbsp;Open disposal was the main waste disposal method. Recycling was said by majority (37.3%) as main method. From the analysis, the nearest neighbour ratio (Rn) from complete spatial randomness of 18 existing dumpsites was 0.098122 with a p-value of 0.0000 that typically suggested strong evidence against null hypothesis. In this context of a dump site distribution, the nearest neighbour ratio of 0.098122 indicated that the dumpsites were clustered closer together than expected in a random distribution. The study concluded that existing dumpsites were not evenly distributed in the area. Multi-criteria were used in GIS environment to propose two suitable dumpsites for the study area. The study therefore underscores the needs for geospatial techniques as it plays a crucial role in providing valuable insights and tools for decision making in waste collection and siting dumpsites</p> James O. Ige John Ayankanmi Abiodun A. Mudashir Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 63 86 Appraisal of the Role of Electoral Observers/Monitoring Groups in the Conduct of Credible Elections in Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/225 <p>This article focuses on the lessons that can be drawn from the previous general elections in Nigeria, with emphasis on the role of electoral observers / monitoring groups in ensuring the conduct of general elections. The paper relies on secondary data, sourced from journal articles, reports, and textbooks, among other archival materials and deploys qualitative content in analyzing so as to achieve the stated objective which is to appraisal the role of electoral observers / monitoring groups in the conduct of credible election in Nigeria. of the paper. It shows that the role of observers / monitoring groups serves as a boost to the integrity, and creditability of general elections in Nigeria. The groups also serve as mediators during an electoral dispute, as well as providing support logistics, and play the role of a watchdog in detecting electoral frauds. The paper revealed that the lack of wider coverage, accessibility, suspicion, and bias, remains obstacles to the group and finally, concludes that the activities of the electoral observers/monitoring groups would further ensure the integrity and credibility of the general election in Nigeria if the observed obstacles hindering their activities are removed.</p> Timothy Onimisi Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 87 97 Socio-demographics and Mental Health Status on Eating Disorders among In-School Adolescents in Ile-Ife, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/226 <p>The study explored the roles of socio-demographic variables (age, gender, and socioeconomic status) and mental health status in the prevalence of eating disorders among in-school adolescents in Ile-Ife Central Local Government Area, Osun State. A descriptive survey design was employed for this study, using a purposively selected sample of 205 respondents (82 females and 123 males) aged 14 to 19 years (M = 16.5 years; SD = 1.5 years). Data were collected on socio-demographic variables such as age, gender, religion, family socioeconomic status, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire Short (EDE-QS), and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). The results revealed that only one percent of the respondents reported severe levels of eating disorders, while 62% reported inadequate (poor) mental health. The results also revealed that the prevalence of eating disorders was influenced by age (F<sub>2,203</sub> = 1.91, p &lt;0.05), with the late-adolescents (17-19 years old) dominating the moderate eating disorder category. There was a gender difference between Males (M = 17.73; SD = 4.87) versus females (M = 10.75; SD = 5.19) in the prevalence of eating disorders (t203 = 0.93, p &lt;0.05). The results further demonstrated the influence of socioeconomic status (F<sub>2,203</sub> = 1.01, p&lt;0.05) and mental health status (F<sub>2,203</sub> = 1.44, p&lt; 0.05) in the prevalence of eating disorders. The study concluded that though the prevalence of eating disorders found among these in-school adolescents was relative, there was a pressing need to develop strategies to prevent the situation from getting worse.</p> Tamuno-opubo T. Addah Uthman T. Jamiu Dosumu A. Tunade Egbewuare E. Idehen Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 98 114 Leadership Styles and Organizational Commitment on Job Performance of Academic Staff in Selected Private Universities in Ogun State, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/227 <p>This study examined the influence democratic and autocratic leadership styles, and affective and continuance commitment on job performance. Data were collected from primary source using a questionnaire administered to academic staff of the selected private universities (Bells University of Technology, Crescent University and Babcock University) in Ogun State. Four hypotheses postulated were tested using Regression analysis.&nbsp; The findings showed that democratic leadership style had negative effect with job performance. It also showed that autocratic leadership styles had positive effect with job performance. Similarly, affective commitment had positive with job performance. Finally, continuance commitment had significant positive effect with job performance. From the hypothesis the result showed the most common leadership style was autocratic leadership style also the most common organizational commitment was the continuous commitment. Furthermore, the results showed that most of the academic staff were high performers. The study concluded that leadership styles and organizational commitment positively affect job performance. It established that autocratic leadership styles and continuance commitment produced better job performance among academic staff in the selected private universities. The study recommended that leadership should be a function of values and philosophies of the institution, organizational commitment should be improved so that skill and nature of work can be better</p> T. S. Folarori T. A. Onifade Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 115 126 Innovativeness Technology in Marketing: An Antecedent for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Growth in Benin City, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/228 <p>Despite its significant contribution to the economy, SMEs often encounter numerous challenges that lead to their eventual collapse or unviability. One of the most frequent problems small and medium-sized businesses encounter is outdated technology leading to subpar marketing strategies. It has been noted that among the weaknesses for small and medium firms globally are the absences of an efficient marketing plan, the use of contemporary technology, resources, and tactics. This study was carried out to determine the effect of innovative technology on the growth of SMEs. Specifically, the study investigated the relationship between innovative technology on products, pricing, promotion, distribution strategies and customer relationship on sustainability of SMEs efficiency of small businesses. 210 small and medium enterprises from the furniture business were designated as a sample for the research. 192 usable questionnaires were analysed. Multiple regressions were employed as tools of analysis in determining the link between the innovative marketing strategies and firm efficiency. Outcomes indicated that innovative technology marketing strategies (products, pricing, promotion, distribution and customer relationship) positively impact on small medium enterprises growth. The paper concluded that based on the positive effect of innovative marketing technology on the growth of small firms, SMEs should strive toward adopting innovative technology in their lines of business operations and study has shown that it contributes to business growth</p> Eleazar C. Gbandi Osahenrunmwen Osayande Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 127 138 Assessment and Management of Depressive Disorder of an Adolescent: A Case Report of 16-year-Old Client https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/229 <p>Depression, with its wide range of symptoms and severity, presents as especially challenging to healthcare providers, researchers, and policymakers. This case report details the assessment, diagnosis, and management of depressive disorder in a 16-year-old male adolescent, emphasising the unique challenges and considerations pertinent to this age group. The patient presented with persistent feelings of sadness, anhedonia, sleep disturbances, decreased appetite, and withdrawal from previously enjoyed activities. A comprehensive assessment (both formal and informal) was conducted. The evaluation encompassed cognitive, emotional, and behavioural domains. Notably, there were marked academic declines and increased irritability, which initially masked the underlying depression. The development of the management plan was informed by the utilisation of cognitive behavioural therapy approaches, including motivational interviews, family therapy, art therapy, and social therapy. This case underscores the importance of considering the broader socio-environmental context and the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the management of adolescent depression</p> Tamuno-opubo T. Addah Obaniyi J. Oluwafunmibi Omolola O. Yekeen Egbewuare E. Idehen Copyright (c) 2023 Author https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ 2023-12-28 2023-12-28 31 2 139 145