Ife Social Sciences Review https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr <p><strong><em>Ife Social Sciences Review</em></strong> is a journal of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.<em> Its </em>an international and interdisciplinary forum for the dissemination of <em>scholarly papers in the broad areas of social and management sciences. </em>We publish original research articles (both empirical and theoretical), reviews, position papers and commentaries on <em>social and management</em> issues, to inform current research, policy and practice in all areas of common interest to social scientists, management practitioners, and policy makers. The journal publishes material relevant to any aspect of <em>social and management sciences</em> from a wide range of social science disciplines (anthropology, economics, epidemiology, demography, geography, management , political science , policy, psychology, and sociology), and materials relevant to the social sciences from any of the professions concerned with physical, built environment, and management, health policy and organization. We encourage material which is of general interest to an international readership. The journal will be published two times a year- June and December.</p> en-US gbenga.olasupo@oauife.edu.ng (Matthew O. Olasupo) ifessreview@oauife.edu.ng (Matthew Olasupo) Fri, 03 Jun 2022 08:10:54 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Explicating the Effect of Entrepreneurial Competence and Traits on the Performance of Women Entrepreneurs in Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/161 <p>Women entrepreneurs possess specific individual traits that prompt them to become entrepreneurs and succeed. However, they are faced with challenges of exhibiting competencies for improved business performance and their businesses die within the first five years of existence. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of entrepreneurial traits (ET) on the performance of women entrepreneurs in Nigeria. The paper adopted the use of the survey and descriptive and structural design. Five hundred and twenty (520) copies of the questionnaire were administered among the selected Nigerian women in Small and Medium-Scale Enterprises and four hundred and sixty-four (464) were retrieved. Based on the analysis, it was observed that R<sup>2</sup> = 0.721, which implies that the performance of Nigerian women in SMEs and competencies collectively and significantly explain 72.1% of the variance in entrepreneurial traits. The implication of this is that entrepreneurs should put strategies in place to ensure that their traits enhance performance in conjunction with the display of competence. The study concluded that the effectiveness of business performance among women-owned SMEs should be based on their abilities to generate new ways of handling the always-changing business environment and engaging in taking risks with the hope of great returns. The study however recommended that there should be SME Owners must engage in competence training for themselves and their employees through seminars, on-the-job training, conferences and mentorship, this will boost competence and in the long run, lead to improved performance.</p> Mercy A. Agumadu, Sarumi F. Remilekeun, Emmanuel E. Ojo Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/161 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Determinants of Financial Literacy and Its Effects on the Financial Behaviour of Undergraduates in a Nigerian University https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/162 <p>Extant studies have looked at financial literacy (FL) and its drivers on one hand as well as the effects of FL on diverse aspects of the financial behaviour of individuals, corporations and other agents that interface with financial decision making on the other hand. This paper however centres investigation on Nigeria (a country predominated by young people) and a unique segment of the youth population namely University students. It particularly centered on the gender differences in FL and assessing its influence on students’ choice of investment instrument in the University of Ibadan. The survey instrument adopted was a semi-structured questionnaire and 300 copies of it were administered to students across faculties. The results were obtained using descriptive statistics, simple percentages and logistic regression analysis. These empirical results showed that gender, faculty, level of study, and work experience are positive determinants of FL. However, student status (whether full-time student, working student or self-employed), father’s educational attainment, mother’s educational attainment and family’s average monthly income were not statistically significant drivers of FL. Also, on average, FL influenced the attitudes of undergraduates to financial investment decision making. Overall, undergraduates still exhibited low FL levels. There is therefore a need for key stakeholders in the financial system to prioritise programmes and interventions targeted at university students. &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Taiwo Kolade, Samuel Orekoya, Oluwatosin Adeniyi Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/162 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Organisational Failure and Turnaround: An Empirical Analysis of the Defunct Nigerian Telecommunications Limited (NITEL) https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/163 <p>The paper examined failure and turnaround in the defunct Nigeria Telecommunication Limited (popularly known as NITEL). It focused on the staff that worked for the organization by basically employing the exploratory research design and a qualitative method which included the Key Informant Interview (KII) and the In-Depth Interview (IDI) in the collection of data. An in-depth interview involved engaging 45 purposively selected staff of the defunct NITEL. The Key Informant Interview involved engaging 25 purposively selected stakeholders in the Transnational Corporation (Transcorp) and the National Telecommunication Commission (NATCOM). The study discovered that factors responsible for the organization's failure are corruption, poor leadership, lack of capital base and inadequate financial aid. The study found that NITEL as an organisation, witnessed failure because of changes in environmental features; the discernible application of modern technology in the telecommunications business which was orchestrated by the advent of the internet and which led to the change in the customer taste and which precipitated drastic reduction in the demand of the product offered by the organization; The study also found that the organisation went through the process of badly planned divestment and sales and a lot of inconsistencies in the attempt made to turn it around. NITEL as an organisation was government-owned, hence, other studies should be replicated in private organisations.</p> Bashir Bello, Tijani N. Zango Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/163 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Infrastructural Facilities and Teachers’ Indices on Academic Achievement in Social Studies among Junior Secondary School Students in Oyo State, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/164 <p>The study investigated the influence of infrastructural facilities and teachers’ indices on academic achievement in Social Studies among junior secondary school students in Oyo State. These were with the view to providing information on how infrastructural facilities and teachers’ indices could influence effective learning of Social Studies in Oyo State. This study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised all the students and teachers in all the public junior secondary schools in Oyo State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select seventy-six (76) teachers as well as three hundred and ninety-nine (399) students who constituted the sample size for the study. Two instruments titled ‘Infrastructural Facilities and Teachers Indices’ (IFTI) and ‘Social Studies achievement test (SSAT)’ were developed and used for the study. The instruments were validated. Cronbach Alpha Coefficient and Kuder Richardson were used to establish the reliability coefficient of IFTI and SSAT and the results yielded reliability coefficients r= 0.91 and KR<sub>20</sub> = 0.56 respectively. The data collected were analysed using inferential statistics of Multiple Regressions Analysis at 0.05 level of significance. The results indicated among others that the combined influence of infrastructure facilities and teachers’ indices on academic achievement in Social Studies among junior secondary school students was significant at (F= 78.655; P&lt;0.05). The study concluded that years of teaching experience contributes the most to academic achievement followed by gender in Social Studies among junior secondary school students in Oyo State. The study recommended that government should invest more in the provision of certain infrastructural facilities in schools to ensure effective learning of Social Studies.</p> Babatunde A. Adeyemi, Anthony O. Oduwole Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/164 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Sub-Sahara Africa – Arab States Labour Migration Corridor: Exploitation Crisis and Emerging Trends of Protection for Migrant Workers https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/165 <p>The sub-Sahara Africa – Arab States labour migration corridor has witnessed huge traffic from African migrant-sending countries in view of the restrictions on Africa – Europe corridor. The labour migration situation in the Arab States or Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries has attracted the attention of African governments in order to promote the inflow of remittances to boost economic development. Therefore, this paper examined the international migration governance contradictions arising from Arab States labour laws, the practice of sponsorship of low–skilled workers, and lack of access to justice, which promote pervasive exploitation and physical abuse of African migrant workers. The few initiatives of sub-Sahara African major migrant-sending countries to protect their citizens in the Arab States were examined, with Nigeria having no such protective measures in place. It was recommended that new efforts should be put in place to develop more bilateral labour agreements, and there was the need for an inter-regional collaboration platform by the African Union and the GCC for partnerships for the protection of migrant workers from sub-Sahara Africa.</p> Eddy Akpomera Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/165 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Medication Adherence, Illness Perception and Quality of Life of Asthmatic Patients in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/166 <p>Asthma has been identified as one of the diseases that have an impact on the quality of life of patients and family members. This study examined the relationships between the quality of life, medication adherence, and illness perception of asthma patients in Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife. This study adopted the descriptive research design. The population of the study was asthma outpatients of OAUTHC Ile-Ife. Samples of 200 adult asthmatic patients were selected through the purposive sampling technique.&nbsp; An instrument comprised of Sydney Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ-S), Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire, and Morisky 8-Item Medication Adherence Scale was used to collect data. Data collected were analysed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results showed a significant relationship between illness perception and quality of life {r (198) = 0.815, p=0.001} and medication adherence and quality of life {r (198) =0.627, p=0.001}. It was further shown that duration of illness (N=200, mean =13.16, SD=7.80) had significant relationship with quality of life of asthmatic patients (N = 200, mean = 69.83, SD = 19.58, {r(198) = -0.170, p = 0.016)..The study concluded that illness perception and medication adherence had significant relationship with quality of life among asthma patients in OAUTHC, Ile- Ife, Osun State.</p> Monsurat Afolayan, Adekunle A. Adegoke, Saheed A. Saka, Teslim A. Oladejo Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/166 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Immunisation Knowledge, Attitude and Practice by Nursing Mothers in Ilorin East Local Government Area, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/167 <p>Heath is significantly related to development. Therefore, the prevalence of vaccine-preventable diseases such as polio, diphtheria, tuberculosis, measles, among others, in the country can result in poor health of the community members and transforms development to a mirage. This study examined immunisation knowledge, attitude and practice by nursing mothers in Ilorin East through three key objectives; to determine the level of immunisation awareness among nursing mothers; to examine the attitudes of nursing mothers towards immunization practice; and to establish the relationship between immunisation knowledge, attitude and practice and development. The study adopted a quantitative research design to collect primary data from nursing mothers in the study area. The findings of the study are subjected to the assumption of the Health Belief Model. The study established that the majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge on immunisation and the healthcare personnel played a key role in the increased awareness. Findings also revealed that vaccines had side effects and made mothers feel bad when their children were vaccinated, even though, it was believed that vaccines were potent in the prevention of diseases in children. Findings revealed that the awareness of mothers of the import of vaccines was not significant to prevent them from missing scheduled immunisation appointments. Despite the side effects, findings affirmed that nursing mothers had positive attitudes towards immunisation services due to their benefits. The study concludes that adequate use of immunisation services influences development through decreased and eradication of mortality rates for the multiplication of productive forces. The study recommends more awareness strategies and regular vaccination of children.</p> Akeem O. Ayub, Bilikisu Aminu, Oyewole M. Ayo, Felix E. Chiemeke Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/167 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COVID-19 Pandemic and the Bleeding Human Capital Development in Nigeria: Lessons for Posterity https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/168 <p>The incessant spread of the dreaded covid-19 virus interrupted essential health and education services coupled with loss of lives, limited human productivity and constituted great challenges to physical and human capital hence, underscored the imperative of human capital development. The foregoing scenarios precipitated the innate desire to draw the following objectives of the study. Specifically, the study ascertained the extent to which covid-19 pandemic has affected educational training and found out the extent to which covid-19 pandemic has affected human capital flight in Nigeria. The paper is an ex-post facto research and adopted its analytical methodology from conventional content analysis based on secondary data gleaned from journals, books, newspapers, web pages and government publications. The theoretical umbrella for this discourse is human capital theory. The findings showed that, there was no significant improvement on training and human capital flight increased. The paper recommended among other things that; the government should provide greater work benefits for workers. Ensure corroboration among the major stakeholders in formulating and implementing healthcare policies and increased investment and spending in capital expenditure on health care.</p> Uchechukwu A. Nwobi, Onwuka I. Amara, Okeke O. Kaycee Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/168 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Achieving Inclusive Growth through Food Security in Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/169 <p>Achieving economic growth, whose dividends are shared more fairly, is now a center of discussion in many developing countries, including Nigeria. Thus, this study examined the impact of food security on inclusive growth in Nigeria between 2000Q1 and 2018Q4. The study utilized a dynamic Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimation technique to solve the endogeneity problem. Also, the study employed a two-stage least squares (2SLS) estimator to test the robustness of the GMM estimates. Results showed that food security, government expenditure, and government stability have a significant positive effect, as expected, on inclusive growth, while income inequality, poverty, and population negatively influenced inclusive growth expectedly. The study findings implied that food security in relation to reductions in the level of poverty and income inequality would go a long way in achieving inclusive growth in Nigeria. Therefore, the study concluded that to achieve growth inclusiveness in Nigeria, poverty and inequality must be reduced, while people's access to food must be ensured. The study suggested that the Nigerian government should be involved in those activities that would help in achieving food security, creating employment opportunities, and reducing income inequality and poverty.</p> Tolulope T. Osinubi, Olufemi B. Osinubi, Cleopatra O. Ibukun Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/169 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Role of Women and their Empowerment Options in Household and Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risks Reduction in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/170 <p>This paper examined the role of women and their capacity building options in climate change adaptation and disaster risks reduction at the household and community levels in the ecological zones of the Niger Delta region of Nigeria using Delta State as a case study.&nbsp; Data were collected using structured questionnaire in three selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) each from Mangrove Swamps, Freshwater Swamps and Lowland Rainforest. A total of 400 and 1200 respondents were randomly selected per LGA and ecological zone respectively. Data were analyzed using percentage. Findings revealed that dietary management, proper child care system and augmenting family income constituted important roles women play in household climate change adaptation and disaster risks reduction while mobilization, of women, educating other women/young girls and acting as change agents were key roles of women at the community level. While access to farm inputs, climate information, and training were key empowerment options for women to play leadership role in household climate change adaptation and disaster risks reduction, exposure to training, engaging women as trainers and mentoring were among key empowerment options for building leadership capacity of women at the community stratum. The paper concluded that the role of women and their empowerment options in household and community-based climate change and disaster risks reduction were largely the same in the study ecological zones. The study, therefore, recommended prioritization of identified key empowerment options toward building the capacity of women as significant stakeholders in climate change adaptation and disaster risks reduction in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria.</p> Godwin O. Atedhor, Andrew G. Onokerhoraye , Verere S. Balogun Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/170 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of Residential Location Preferences in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/171 <p>This study examined the residential location preferences in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria. It identified the types of houses and examined the factors influencing the preferred residential location. Data were obtained from field observation and questionnaire was administered to 387 households. The sample size was determined by Macorr Research Solutions Online Sample Size Calculator from the 237,233 households in the metropolis with 95% confidence level, confidence interval at 5 and estimated proportion at 50%. Principal component Analysis (PCA) was used to reduce the variables to a manageable size. Likert scale was used to rate the influence of the factors that were identified. Relative Importance Index (RII) was used to determine the value for each factor. The RII found the principal indices of the residential location in Ilorin to include physical qualities of the environment (0.7018), availability of land and building (0.6822), social facility (0.6601), income (0.6584), community preference (0.6553), cost of land and building (0.5669), nearness to work (0.5364) and road network (0.5251). However, the following factors were not as strong in the determination of residential location preferences in Ilorin as they have indices of less than 0.5; nearness to city centre, rent, nearness to children school, availability of houses to rent and environmental pollution. Housing affordability and social sustainability concepts were found to have influenced residential location preferences in Ilorin. This study recommends that policy and planning mechanisms should be in place to produce sufficient quantities of affordable housing for the residents at various socio-economic levels for sustainable growth of the metropolis.</p> Lateefat A. Kareem, Philip M. Atere, Olumide A. Oluwole Copyright (c) 2022 Ife Social Sciences Review https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/171 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 How Sustainable is Current Account in Nigeria and Venezuela? https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/172 <p>The study examined the long run relationship between exports and imports in Nigeria and Venezuela with a view to assessing current account sustainability in the two countries. Secondary data on imports and exports from 1980 to 2018 were obtained from World Development Indicators (WDI) and analysed using unit root test, Autoregressive Distributed Lag's (ARDL) bounds test as well as the Dynamic Ordinary Least Square (DOLS) approaches. The result showed a statistically significant positive long-run linear relationship between exports and imports for Nigeria and Venezuela. However, import coefficient value of less than unitary in Venezuela indicated that Venezuelan economy was in a state of weak sustainability for both goods and services. Thus, the study concluded that current account was strongly sustainable in Nigeria and weakly sustainable for Venezuela. There is need to conserve resources to address the challenges of possible insufficient export receipts to smooth future consumption in Venezuela</p> Matthew Adagunodo, Abiodun A. Adegboye, Sunday I. Oladeji Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ https://issr.oauife.edu.ng/index.php/issr/article/view/172 Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000