School Environmental Indices as Predictors of Academic Achievement in Mathematics among Junior Secondary Schools in Oyo State, Nigeria.
Keywords:School Environment, Students, Academic Achievement, Mathematics, Oyo State
The present study was designed to investigate school environmental indices as predictor of academic achievement in mathematics among junior secondary schools in Oyo state. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The sample size consisted of 549 teachers and 601 students were selected using simple random sampling technique. Two instruments were used for data collection namely School Environmental Indices Questionnaire (SE1Q) (0.811) and Mathematics Achievement Test (SMAT) (K20 = 0.913). The two instruments were validated before they were used for this study. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentages, mean, standard deviation and Multiple Regression. It was revealed that the availability level of school library facilities, mathematics laboratory facilities and school convenience facilities showed moderate level with the mean value ranged between 2.5 and 3.49. Finding revealed that there was a significant joint influence of school environment indices on academic achievement in mathematics (R = .213, R2 = 0.103; F = 3.319P< 0.05). Also, there was a significant relative influence of school environmental indices and on academic achievement in mathematics, school library (β = 2.012, t = 5.753, P < 0.05), school convenience facilities (β = 1.021, t = 4.443, p<0.05, mathematics laboratory (β = 1.018, t = 3.393 P < 0.05). The study concluded that the three indices were at moderate level and are predictors of
academic achievement in mathematics. It was recommended that schools should ensure that all the indices mentioned in this study are available and sufficient for the students use so as improved the academic level.