Perceived Social Support, Life Optimism and Psychological Adjustment of Sickle Cell Anaemia Patients in Ile-Ife, Nigeria
The study investigated the level of psychological adjustment, perceived social support and life optimism of Sickle Cell Anaemia (SCA) patients in Ile-Ife and determined the influence of perceived social support and life optimism on their psychological adjustment. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised of all Sickle Cell Anaemia patients in Ile-Ife, Osun state. Two Health Care Centres, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC) and Obafemi Awolowo University Health Centre (OAUHC) were selected using purposive sampling technique based on the availability of the Sickle Cell Anaemia clinics. A total of one hundred (100) SCA patients were selected from these clinics using a proportionate sampling method, eighty (80) SCA patients were selected from OAUTHC while Twenty (20) SCA patients were selected from OAUHC. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), The Adjustment Inventory (TAI) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPPS) were used to collect data for the study. The results revealed that overall, SCA Patients in Ile-Ife exhibited an average level of psychological adjustment (50.5%) and the adult married patients were more psychologically adjusted than the younger group who were unmarried. Results also revealed that there was a significant influence of social support on the psychological adjustment of SCA patients. The study concluded that social support and life optimism are critical factors for the psychological adjustment of SCA patients in Ile-Ife.