Constraints to Air Cargo Operations in Nigeria
Air cargo handling at airports serves as means of revenue generation in addition to passenger operations. Efficiency of airports with cargo operations requires that cargo traffic flows seamlessly. Inefficient cargo operations abound at airports when the traffic flow is constrained with myriads of factors. This study examines the level of relationships that exist among some factors that serve as constraints to the development of air cargo operations in Nigeria. Using random sampling technique, 337 respondents who were majorly cargo agents and customs officers were sampled at Lagos airport, Nigeria. The study employed questionnaire administration to collect data. The questionnaire provided respondents with items in Likert scale to rank in order of significance as each serve to influence the development of air cargo operations in Nigeria. Spearman’s rank correlation analysis was carried out to examine the relationships between the selected variables from literature. The effect of corruption, poverty, exchange rate, customs operations, security, cargo and airline traffic were found to have high positive and linear correlation, while cargo traffic correlates negatively with inefficient customs operations. The study provides the need for policy instrument that gives attention to efficient operations for increasing air cargo traffic by means of trade and exchanges in Nigeria.