Psychosocial well-being across Nigeria’s Geo-Political Regions: Insights from Decade-long General Household Surveys.
The study examined household food consumption patterns and probable health implications using nutritional status of infants as major index. Data utilised were extracted from the Nigeria’s General Household Survey Report 2010 - 2019, particularly report from Wave 1 to Wave 4. Variables of interest are types and percentages of food consumed by households (postplanting) in different regions of Nigeria and nutritional status of infants under five years. Analysis of secondary data was conducted using descriptive statistics and comparative analysis to identify changes and trends across the study sites over time. Across the country, the study found a high preference and intake of dietary carbohydrates like grains and flour, starchy roots, tubers and plantains as well as vegetables and fats and oil. North-South variances were observed in the consumption of grains and flour. Fewer percentage of households consumed fruits and milk products, though with slight increase over time. Evidence of nutritional transition and a shift to baked and processed products was found, mostly in the southern and urban parts of the country. Many (42.9%) under-five children were stunted (low height for age) and were underweight (21.3%), while few (7.0%) experienced wasting (low weight for height). Past interventions on nutrition in the country have not truly improved nutritional practices in the general population. To avert the human cost of food insecurity and nutritional deficiencies, interventions should target the vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in the food chain.