Analysis of Socio-Demographic and Pattern of Trip to Work by Civil Servants in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria
Keywords:Socio-demographic, trip to work, civil servants, Kaduna metropolis
This study focused on the analysis of socio-demographic and pattern of trip to work by civil servants in Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Data for this study were obtained through field survey and observation on the journey to work by the civil servants in Kaduna metropolis. Stratified random sampling technique was adopted for the collection of data on senior, middle and junior cadres of staff in the civil service. The results of the study showed 60.75% of the workers to be male, 70% with age not exceeding 45 years and 58% were married. Seventy per cent (70%) of the respondents have tertiary education and 58% had household size not exceeding 4. The choice of residence by the respondents was determined using variables such as the security of the area, location, proximity to the place of work and rental values. The workers that complained about traffic congestion during the journey to work constitute 53%, shortage of vehicles at peak periods constitute 15%, expensive transportation cost constitutes 26%, while few people complained about long-distance travel to work. Twenty-nine per cent of the workers used public buses to work, 26% used private cars, 24% utilized tricycles, and 13% used motorcycles while the rest utilized staff vehicles or trekked to work. The result of the analysis of the time of leaving home for work indicated 7% of the workers left by 6 a.m, 76% by 7 a. m and 17% departed for work not earlier than 8 am. Most of the respondents indicated that they close from the workplace at 4 p.m. The trip to work pattern showed that movement of people to a different area of workplaces in the morning and also moved toward different directions of home locations in the evening. The study suggested that gender inequality should be addressed in the civil service and that the existing public transport system should be improved upon by the State Government through adequate investment in the public transportation which would complement the existing stock by private providers.