Correlational Analysis of Training Outlay and Organizational Output in A Small and Medium Enterprise in Nigeria


  • Umar E. Mahmud
  • Yusuf A. Ogwuzebe
  • Yakubu I. Shehu


Employee, Motivation, Organisational Output, Outlay, Training


A well-trained and motivated workforce is a valuable asset to any organisation. Organizations, therefore, invest hugely in training and capacity building, to enhance the productivity of employees, as a sine qua non for increased organisational output. In this regard, the study examined the relationship between investment in employee training and output of SMEs in Nigeria. In the survey method, data on outlay and production output of the study company were analysed, using simple percentages; while the association was examined through the instrument of correlational analysis. Against the a priori expectation of a positive correlation, the result of the analysis showed a negative insignificant association, suggesting that the notion of all-time positive and significant correlation among training outlay, employee productivity and organisational output was only plausible. In explaining the curious result, factors which include training, supervision and motivation, were, among others, identified. Therefore, the study recommended that management should ensure that training must be conducted according to organizational needs and that proper supervision must also be provided, to guide employee performance on the job. Besides, adequate motivation should be provided to employees, to elicit performance, instead of resting on the efficacy of training alone.