Road Users’ Perceptions of Causes and Effects of Traffic Congestion in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

  • F. O. AJAYI African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education in English (ARCSSTE-E), OAU. Ile-Ife
  • M. O. OLAWOLE Department of Geography, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife, Nigeria.


This study examined the view of road users on the causes and effects of road traffic congestion in Ile-Ife, a traditional and ancient city in Nigeria. A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the causes and effects of congestion from different categories of road users (drivers, commuters, motorcyclist, and pedestrians) selected purposively from eight road junctions noted for high rate of road traffic congestions in Ile-Ife. A total of 240 respondents were surveyed. Descriptive statistics and Relative Important Index (RII) were used for the analysis. The results revealed that both recurring and nonrecurring congestion were experienced by the respondent, while majority (60.5%) spent between 21 to 40 minutes in traffic congestion.   The respondents identified 10 most important causes of road traffic congestion to include: bad road and potholes (RII=0.764); bad driver attitudes/ reckless passenger scouting by commercial bus drivers (RII=0.754): social events (RII=0.753); (4) lack of parking space (RII=0.748); narrow road width (RII=0.738); activities of traders/ street hawkers (RII=0.720); high volume of traffic at peak hours (RII=0.713). The least perceived causes of traffic congestion in the study area are indiscriminate parking on road sides (RII=.0.708); absence of traffic officers at road junctions (RII=.0.700); and disregard for road regulations (RII=0.643). Eight main effects of road traffic congestion identified by the study are : (1) loss of productivity (RII=0.790); time loss (RII=0.748): contribution to air pollution (RII=0.727); lead to stress (RII=0.707); increase noise nuisance (RII=0.688);  increase frequency and characteristic of traffic crashes (RII=0.608);  it lead to relocation of home and business (RII=0.537); and it increases vehicle operating (RII=0.470). The study suggested measures of managing  traffic congestion in  an urban setting like Ile-Ife

Dec 27, 2018
How to Cite
AJAYI, F. O.; OLAWOLE, M. O.. Road Users’ Perceptions of Causes and Effects of Traffic Congestion in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Ife Social Sciences Review, [S.l.], v. 26, n. 1, p. 114-127, dec. 2018. ISSN 2635-375X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 07 mar. 2021.