The Nigerian State and the Emergence of Militia Groups in the Fourth Republic
This article used secondary data and content analysis to identify the militia groups as self-determination groups employing act of violence against the constituted authority to champion the interest of their ethnic cleavages. The article established that these groups emerged in Nigeria due to government inability to meet expectations of democratic values to the citizens. It also established that activities of these groups were sustained by the states’ repressive policy and deployment of its arsenal against the group holistically thereby institutionalizing act of violence. The article recommended equitable distribution of resources and practice of true federalism as tools to restore peace. Moreover, the state should address the issues that led to the emergence of the groups and be civil in their policy response. It is underpinned by Relative Deprivation Theory.