Evaluation of Nutritional Status of Under-5 Children in Borno and Kano States of Nigeria
This study examined nutritional status of under-5 children in Borno and Kano States. Data were sought and obtained through Anthropometric parameters. A total number of 4,680 children were assessed in 4301 households in the two states. Out of this number 49.9% were males while 50.1% were females. The data analyzed showed that Severe Acute Malnutrition outshot 5% alarming international standard rate; prevalence ranged from 9.6% in Maiduguri Municipal Council of Borno State to the highest value of 12.2% in Bichi LGA, of Kano State. Female has the prevalence rate of 15.3% in Biu LGA of Borno state, while male has the highest value of 18.6% in Bichi LGA of Kano. The study also observed unabated terrorism, acute insurgent activities of Boko Haram which was the main challenge affecting food scarcity, others are ignorance, and socio-cultural influences that enhanced malnutrition of all the strata of population with concomitant effects on children. The study concluded that there was urgent need for a trajectory synergy among various strata of the society to demystify and deradicalization extreme religious ideology, urgent intervention on establishment and of implementation of community therapeutic care for integrated management of severe acute malnutrition in these states and perhaps in the entire region.